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6100A_Manual


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6100A User's Manual




                      1
    Notice


    The information in this user's manual is subject to change without notice.


    THE MANUFACTURER OR RESELLER SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS
    OR OMISSIONS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE
    FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM THE
    PERFORMANCE OR USE OF THIS MANUAL.


    The information in this user's manual is protected by copyright laws. No part of this
    manual may be photocopied or reproduced in any form without prior written
    authorization from the copyright owners.



    Copyright   December, 2004
    All rights reserved.




    Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
    Windows 95/98/ME/2000/NT/XP are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

    Product names mentioned herein may be trademarks and/or registered trademarks
    of their respective owners/companies.

    The software described in this manual is delivered under a license agreement. The
    software may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the agreement.

    This product incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected by U.S.
    patents and other intellectual property rights. Use of this copyright protection
    technology must be authorized by Macrovision, and is intended for home and other
    limited viewing uses only unless otherwise authorized by Macrovision. Reverse
    engineering or disassembly is prohibited.



                                                                                 Rev 1.1


2
                   TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE
     Symbols and Conventions
     Protecting Your Computer - Avoid Abusive Handling and Adverse
     Environment
     Chapter Summaries
1.   GETTING TO KNOW THE BASICS
       Performance Features
       System at a Glance
           Top View
           Front and Rear Views
           Side Views
           Bottom View
           AC Adapter
           LED Status Indicators
       Keyboard Features
           Function (Quick) Keys
           Windows Keys
           Embedded Numeric Keypad
       Touch Pad
       Graphic Subsystem
           Adjusting the Display Brightness
           Extending the Life of the TFT Display Panel
           Opening and Closing the Display Panel
       Audio Subsystem
           Adjusting the Volume in Windows
           Voice Recording
       Modem and Modem Setting
       Ethernet Adapter
2.   BIOS SETUP AND SECURITY
       Entering the BIOS Setup Screen
       Leaving the BIOS Setup Screen
       BIOS Action Keys
                                                                     3
          Modifying the BIOS Settings
              Main Setup
              Advance Setup
              Boot Setup
              Security Setup
              Power Setup
              Exit Setup
    3.   BATTERY POWER & POWER MANAGEMENT
          The Battery Pack
              Lithium-Ion Battery Technology
              Battery Low-Power Warning
          Installing and Removing the Battery Pack
          Charging the Battery and Charging Time
          Checking the Battery Level
          Prolonging the Battery's Life and Usage Cycles
          Using Windows Power Options
              Windows' Power Schemes
              Suspend Modes
              Power Button Action
              Low Battery Warning
              Power Manual Quick Access
    4.   UPGRADING YOUR COMPUTER
          Upgrading the Hard Disk Drive
          Upgrading the System Memory
    5.   TROUBLE-SHOOTING
          First Step
          Audio Problems
          Hard Disk Problems
          Optical Drive Problems
          Display Problems
          Keyboard and Mouse Problems
          CMOS Battery Problems
          Memory Problems
          Modem Problems
4
    Network Adapter / Ethernet Problems
    PC Card / PCMCIA Problems
    Performance Problems
    FireWire (IEEE1394) and USB2.0 Problems
APPENDIX A    Product Specification
APPENDIX B    Agency Regulatory Notices




                                              5
    Preface
    Using This Manual

    This User's Manual contains general information about the
    hardware and software setup, troubleshooting, and technical
    specifications of the notebook computer.

    Symbols and Conventions

    The following conventions and symbols are used in this manual:

    n     When keys are to be pressed at the same time, a plus (+)
          symbol is used. For instance, Fn+F7 means holding the Fn
          and F7 keys at the same time.
    n     When a series of clicking actions is needed in Windows, [ ]
          and > symbols are used. For instance, [Start > Settings >
          Control Panel > Display] means clicking the Start icon first,
          then the Settings, then the Control Panel, then the Display
          icon.
    n     When you need to make a selection with the touch pad (or
          mouse), you will be asked to 'select', `click', `double-click' or
          `right-click' an item.



    Note: Text in this format and symbol means specific instructions, commentary,
    sidelights, or any additional information or notes that you should be aware of.




    Warning: Text in this format and symbol means that failures to comply with the
    given instructions or information could result in damage to your computer or bodily
    harm or loss.



6
Protecting Your Computer - Avoid Abusive Handling and
Adverse Environment

Following the advice below will help ensure that you get the most
out of your Investment.

Your computer will serve you well if you take good care of it.
n Do not expose the computer to direct sunlight or place it near
sources of heat.
                                               o    o
n Do not subject it to temperatures below 0 C (32 F) or above
   o    o
30 C (86 F).
n Do not expose the computer to magnetic fields.
n Do not expose the computer to moisture or rain.
n Do not spill water or liquid on the computer.
n Do not subject the computer to adverse shock and vibration.
n Do not expose the computer to dust and dirt.
n Do not place objects on top of the computer to avoid damaging
the computer.
n Do not place the computer on rocky surfaces.

Here are some ways of taking care of your AC adapter.
n Do not connect the adapter to any devices other than your
computer.
n Do not let water get into the adapter.
n Do not block the ventilation airway of the adapter.
n Keep the adapter in a cool and ventilated place.
n Do not step on the power cord or place heavy objects on top of
it.
n Carefully tuck away the power cord and any cables away from
pedestrian traffic.
n When unplugging the power cord, do not pull on the cord itself
but pull on the plug.
                                                                    7
    n Keep the adapter away from children.
    n The total ampere ratings of the equipment plugged in should
    not exceed the ampere rating of the cord if you are using an
    extension cord.
    n The total current rating of all equipment plugged into a single
    wall outlet should not exceed the fuse rating.
    n Do not connect other AC adapter to your notebook. This
    Notebook uses exclusively the AC adapter:

    Manufacture: LI SHIN INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISE CORP.
    Model: PA-1650-01 (65W), PA1650-02 (65W); 0335C2065 (65W),
    0335A2065 (65W)


    When cleaning the computer, observe these steps:
    1. Power off the computer and remove the battery pack.
    2. Disconnect the AC adapter.
    3. Use a soft cloth dampened with water. Do not use liquid or
    aerosol cleaners.

    Contact your dealer or see your service technician if any of the
    following occurs:
    n Computer has been dropped or the body has been damaged.
    n Liquid has been spilled into the product.
    n The computer does not operate normally.

    Cleaning the Ventilation Grills:
    It is suggested that you clean the ventilation grills regularly to
    maintain optimal thermal regulation of the notebook. To do this, you
    may use a soft brush or a vacuum cleaner (with appropriate head
    adapter) to remove the dust buildup on the ventilation grills.



8
Chapter Summaries
The following is a summary of the available chapters and
appendices in this manual.

Chapter 1: Getting to Know the Basics
     In this chapter, you will learn the basic operations and features
of your computer. It gives you a general understanding of the
components of your computer.

Chapter 2: BIOS Setup / Security
     In this chapter, you will learn how to change various firmware
settings and what the settings mean. Also, you will learn how to
take advantage of the built-in security feature provided by the
BIOS.

Chapter 3: Battery Power & Power Management
   In this chapter, you will learn the fundamentals of power
management and how to use them to achieve longer battery life.

Chapter 4: Upgrading Your Computer
   In this chapter, you will learn how to upgrade the system
memory, the hard disk drive, and to install wireless mini PCI card.

Chapter 5: Trouble-Shooting
    In this chapter, you will learn how to solve common hardware
and software problems.

Appendix A: Product Specification
    In this section, you will find a list of the computer's system
specifications.

Appendix B: Agency Regulatory Notices
     In this section, you will find the general electro-magnetic and
safety regulatory information.




                                                                       9
C    H   A   P   T   E     R               O       N    E


     GETTING TO KNOW THE BASICS




                     This chapter introduces the features and

                     components of the computer.




10
Performance Features

      n   High Performance Processor
          The notebook PC is equipped with the powerful Mobile
          AMD Sempron processor which has advanced power
          management features and high bus bandwidths
          throughput.

      n   Advanced Graphic Engine
          The Integrated Ultra256 video processor gives excellent
          graphic performance. The advanced graphic chip also
          incorporates a hardware-based motion-compensation
          engine, which gives you smooth MPEG video playback. 3D
          graphics capability also adds realism to PC games.

      n LCD Display
        The computer is equipped with a 15.4" WXGA TFT
        high-resolution display panel for clear text and brilliant
        colors.

      n   Expandability
          The system offers upgradeable hard disk drive and 2 DDR
          SDRAM sockets for expansion, allowing the user to easily
          increase the storage and system capacities as the need
          arises.

      n   Built-in Multiple Card Reader
          The built-in 4-in-1 card reader supports the SD Card, MMC
          Card, MS Card and MS-Pro Card portable media.

      n   Ethernet Port
          The system provides built-in Ethernet network adapter for
          high bandwidth network connection.

                                                                     11
     n FireWire (IEEE1394 / 1394a) and USB 2.0 ports
       In addition to a full array of built-in I/O ports, the computer
       offers IEEE1394 for ultra high-speed connection to high
       bandwidth digital video devices and USB 2.0 ports for high
       speed USB peripherals.

     n   Wireless LAN
         The integrated Wireless LAN module allows your notebook
         to connect wirelessly to other 802.11-enabled systems,
         devices or network.




12
System At A Glance
   Top View




                              1                 2



                                                       3


                         11 10 9


    4                7                                 4



                                                       5




                                               6


             7

   1.   LCD Latch
        The LCD latches lock / unlock the LCD panel.


                                                           13
     2. Built-in Microphone
        The built-in microphone records sound.

     3. LCD Display
        The panel is where the visual output is displayed.

     4. Built-in Stereo Speakers
        The built-in speakers output the sound in stereo. In certain
        models, the speakers are located in the lower section of the
        display panel.

     5. Keyboard
        The keyboard is used to enter data. It has an embedded
        numeric keypad and cursor control keys. (See Keyboard
        Section for details.)

     6. Touch Pad
        The touch pad is a built-in pointing device with functions similar
        to a mouse.

     7. LED Status Indicator
        The LED Status indicators reveal the status of these functions:
        Numeric keypad, cap lock, scroll lock, WLAN module enabling
        and disabling and also the ODD, HDD activities. (See the LED
        Status Indicator Section for details.)
        The LED Status indicators also reveal the status of the system
        power state and battery-charging state. See the LED Status
        Indicator Section for details.

     8. Power / Suspend Button
        The power/suspend button turns the notebook on and off and it
        also acts as a system suspend key. Press momentarily to turn
        on the system. Press and hold for at least 3~4 seconds to turn

14
    off the system. How this key behaves can be defined in [Start >
    Settings > Control Panel > Power Options > Advanced] menu.
    Press the power / suspend button again to return from the
    suspend mode. (See Chapter 3 for more details on system
    suspend function.)




    Note: When the system power is initially turned on, the Scroll-lock,
    Cap-lock, and Numeric keypad LED indicators will light up momentarily to
    indicate the start of the Power-On sequence.


9. Silent Mode Button
   Pressing the key enables the system to lower its power usage;
   therefore the fan speed is reduced and thus decreasing fan
   noise.
   You may need to go to BIOS Setup to enable Silent Mode for
   this button. See Chapter 2 for details.

10. Email Launch Key
    Pressing the button launches the Email application.

11. Internet Explorer Quick Key
    Pressing the button launches Internet Explorer in Windows.




                                                                               15
         Front and Rear Views




               1                        2                         3

                                                4 5 6 7 8




         Warning: Do not place any heavy objects on the top of notebook. This may
         damage the display.


     1. External VGA Port
        The 15-pin VGA analog port is for connecting an external
        monitor or projector.

     2. Battery Pack
        The battery pack is a built-in power source for the notebook.

     3. Kensington Lock Key Hole
        A Kensington-type security lock latches to this keyhole for
        anti-theft purpose.

     4. 4-in-1 Card Reader
        The 4-in-1 Card Reader supports the SD Card, MMC Card, MS
        Card and MS-Pro Card portable media.

     5. Microphone Jack
        The microphone jack (3.5-mm diameter) is where you connect
        a microphone.
16
6. Audio Line-in Jack
   The Audio Line-in jack (3.5-mm diameter) is where you connect
   an external audio input source such as a CD Player.

7. Stereo Headphone / SPDIF-out Jack
   The stereo headphone jack (3.5-mm diameter) is where you
   connect the headphones or external speakers. Alternatively,
   you may connect the SPDIF output to an external DTS, AC3, or
   PCM sound processor / decoder in your home stereo system.

8. Wireless On/Off Switch
   Use the Switch to disable or enable the integrated Wireless
   function.




                                                                 17
        Side Views


            1        2             3




                                       6       7        8   9




                4                          5




        Warning: Do not place any heavy objects on the top of notebook. This may
        damage the display.


     1. Ethernet / LAN Port
        The port connects to a network hub via the RJ-45 cable and
        also conforms to the 10/100Base-TX transmission protocol.

     2. Modem Port
        This is where you plug the phone jack (RJ-11) for fax/modem
        functions.

     3. Optical Drive and Disk Eject Button and Manual Eject Key
        Hole
        If your computer comes with a DVD+/-RW optical drive, you
        may write data to a CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R/RW and
        DVD+R/RW media. Press the eject button to eject the disk tray.
        The manual eject keyhole allows you to manually eject a
        jammed disk.
18
4. PC Card Slot (Type II PCMCIA) and Card Eject Button
   The slot is where you insert a Type II PC Card. Press the eject
   button to release the PC Card.



  Note: For safety consideration, please insert the PCMCIA dummy card when
  not using the PCMCIA card.


5. Ventilation Grill
   The fan grill is where air is exchanged to dissipate the internal
   heat. Do not block this airway.

6. FireWire / IEEE1394 / 1394a Port
   This is a high-speed data port. You may connect any FireWire
   peripheral such as a digital video camera or external storage to
   this port.

7. USB 2.0 Port (x3)
   The Universal Serial Bus (USB 2.0-compliant) port allows you
   to connect a wide variety of peripherals to your computer at a
   rate of up to 480 Mbps. This port conforms to the latest USB
   2.0 plug-and-play standards.

8. Power Jack (DC-in)
   The DC-out jack of the AC Adapter connects here and powers
   the computer.

9. TV (S-Video) Port
   The S-Video port permits you to redirect the screen output to a
   television set or any analog video playback device. This TV
   Port is copyright protected; when DVD movie is played, the
   output is scrambled to prevent analog recording.


                                                                             19
Bottom View
                                   1




       5


       4                                                  2




                                              3

     1. Battery Pack and Battery Latch
        The battery pack is a built-in power source for the notebook.
        Slide the battery latch to release the battery pack.
                               2




                           1




20
2. USB Device Cover
   Underneath the cover, there is a USB connector. This
   connector is reserved for future use.

3. Hard Disk Drive Cover
   The system's hard disk drive is located under the cover. The
    HDD can be upgraded to a larger capacity. (See Chapter 4 for
    instructions on upgrading the HDD.)


4. System Device Cover
    The system's processor with cooling assembly, Wireless LAN
    module, and DDR memory module are located under the case
    cover. The system memory can be upgraded to a larger
    capacity. (See Chapter 4 for instructions on upgrading the
    memory.)

5. Ventilation Grill
   The fan grill is where air is exchanged to dissipate the internal
   heat. Do not block this airway.



    Warning: Do not block the Fan Grill outlet. Place the machine on hard
    surface only. The bottom case may get very hot without proper ventilation and
    air circulation.




                                                                               21
     AC Adapter




     1.    DC-out Connector
          The DC-out connector docks to the power jack (DC-in) on the
          computer.

     2. Adapter
        The adapter converts alternating current into constant DC
        voltage for the computer.

     3. AC Plug
        The AC plug plugs to the AC wall outlet.


          Warning: Make sure you are using a standard 3-prong AC wall socket with a
          ground pin. If not, you may feel a slight tingling sensation on any of the
          computer's metal parts such as the I/O ports. This is caused by leakage current
          when the AC adapter is not properly grounded (via the ground pin). However,
          the amount of leakage current is within the safety regulation and is not harmful
          to human body.




22
LED Status Indicator
       The LED Status Indicator displays the operating status of your
       notebook. When a certain function is enabled, an LED will light
       up. The following section describes its indication.

  System & Power Status Indicators
      LED Graphic           Indication
        Symbol
                             Green light indicates the WLAN module
                             is active.
                            Blinking green light indicates the notebook
                            is in suspend mode.
                            Blinking orange light indicates the battery
                            is being charged.
                            Blinking red light indicates the battery
                            power is low when the system is turned
                            ON.
                            Persistent green light indicates the battery
                            is Full.
                            LED-off (Dark) indicates the system is
                            without battery.
                            Green light indicates the hard drive and/or
                            optical drive is being accessed.
                            Green light indicates the numeric keypad
                            is activated.
                            Green light indicates the cap-lock is
                            activated.
                            Green light indicates the scroll-lock is
                            activated.




  Note: When the system power is initially turned on, the Scroll-lock, Cap-lock,
  and Numeric keypad LED indicators will light up momentarily to indicate the
  start of the Power-On sequence.

                                                                                   23
Keyboard Features
     Function Keys (Quick Keys)

          Graphic         Action           System Control
          Symbol

                          Fn + F1          Enters Suspend Mode.

                          Fn + F3         Turns of the battery warning
                                          beep off or on.
                          Fn + F4          Changes Display Mode:
                                           LCD-only, CRT-only and
                                           LCD&CRT.
                          Fn + F5          Turns Speaker Volume up.
                          Fn + F6          Turns Speaker Volume down.
                          Fn + F7          Increases Display Brightness.
                          Fn + F8          Decreases Display Brightness.
                          Fn+Num Lk Enables the embedded keypad
                                    to work in numeric mode. The
                                    keys act like numeric keypads
                                    in a calculator. Use this mode
                                    when you need to do a lot of
                                    numeric data entry. An
                                    alternative would be to connect
                                    an external numeric keypad.
                          Fn+Scr Lk Press the Fn+Scr Lk key and
                                    then press ? or ? to move one
                                    line up or down.
     For various system controls, press the Fn (Function) key and the Fx key
     simultaneously.




24
Windows Keys
   Your keyboard also has two Windows keys:



         1. Start Key
         This key allows you to pull up the Windows Start Menu at
         the bottom of the taskbar.

         2. Application Menu Key
         This key brings up the popup menu for the application,
         similar to a click of the right mouse button.



Embedded Numeric Keypad


   Press Fn+Num Lk to enable the embedded numeric keypad.
   The numbers are printed in upper right corner of a key, in a
   color different from the alphabets. This key pad is complete
   with arithmetic operators (+, -, * , /).


   Press Fn+Num Lk to revert to normal character keys.

                                                                                    Num
                                                                                    Lk

                    7           8               9           *
                        4               5           6               -

                            1               2           3               +
                                                                                Enter

                                    0                           .           /




                                                                                          25
Touch Pad
     The built-in touch pad, which is a PS/2-compatible pointing device,
     senses movement on its surface. As you move your fingertip on the
     surface of the pad, the cursor responds accordingly.

     The following items teach you how to use the touch pad:
     1. Move your finger across the touch pad to move the cursor.
     2. Press buttons to select or execute functions. These two buttons
     are similar to the left and right buttons on a mouse. Tapping on the
     touch pad twice produces is similar to clicking the left button of a
     mouse.

     Function       Left Button      Right        Equivalent Tapping Action
                                     Button
     Execution      Click twice                   Tap twice (at the same speed as
                    quickly                       double-clicking
                                                  the mouse button)
     Selection      Click once                    Tap once
     Drag           Click and hold                Tap twice quickly and on the
                    to drag the                   second tap hold finger to the touch
                    cursor                        pad to drag the cursor
     Access                          Click once
     Context Menu
     Move One
     Page Up or
     Down


     Tips on Using the Touch Pad:
     1. The double-click speed is timed. If you double-click too slowly,
     your notebook responds as if you single-clicked twice.
     2. Keep your fingers dry and clean when using the touch pad.
     Also keep the surface of touch pad clean and dry to prolong its life.
     3. The touch pad is sensitive to finger movements. Hence, the
     lighter the touch, the better the response. Heavy touch does not
     produce better response.




26
Graphic Subsystem
   Your computer uses a high performance 15.4" active matrix TFT
   panel with high resolution and multi-million colors for comfortable
   viewing. The integrated Ultra256 video graphics accelerator, which
   is Microsoft DirectX 8.1 compatible, performs quick graphic
   renderings.



   Adjusting the Display Brightness
      The notebook uses special key combinations, called hot keys,
      to control brightness.
      Press Fn+F7 to increase the brightness.
      Press Fn+F8 to decrease the brightness.




       Note: To maximize your battery operating time, set the brightness to the
       lowest comfortable setting, so that the internal backlight uses less power.   By
       default, the LCD brightness will reduce to a lower setting when operating on
       battery power.   You may increase the LCD brightness manually by pressing
       .




   Extending the Life of the TFT Display Device
      Observe the following guidelines to maximize the life of the
      backlight in the display.

       1. Set the brightness to the lowest comfortable setting
       (Fn+F8).
       2. When working at your desk, connect your notebook to an
       external monitor and disable the internal display Fn+ F4.
       3. Do not disable the suspend time-outs.
       4. If you are using AC power and have no external monitor
       attached, change to suspend mode when not in use.
                                                                                      27
     Opening and Closing the Display Panel
        To open the display, push the LCD latch inwardly and lift up the
        lid. Then tilt it to a comfortable viewing position.

         To close the display cover, fold it down gently until the LCD
         latches click into place.



         Warning: To avoid damaging the display, do not slam it when closing. Do not
         place any object on top of the computer when the display is closed.




28
Audio Subsystem
   Your computer's audio subsystem is Sound Blaster Pro-compatible.



   Adjusting the Volume Manually
      To increase the volume, press Fn+F5.
      To decrease the volume, press Fn+F6.



   Adjusting the Audio Volume in Windows
      1. Click the speaker symbol in the task tray in Windows.
      2. Drag the volume control bar up or down to adjust the volume.
      3. To temporarily silence the speaker without changing the
      volume setting, click Mute.



   Voice Recording
      A built-in microphone allows you to record sound. You will need
      to use audio processing software to enable the built-in
      microphone. For example, you may use Microsoft Sound
      Recorder.




                                                                   29
 Modem
     Your computer comes with a 56K V.92 internal fax/modem and a phone
     jack (RJ-11), which is located on the left side of your computer.
     Use a telephone cable to connect the computer to the telephone wall
     outlet.

     Connecting the Modem
        1. Plug one end of the phone line into the modem port located on
        the rear side of the computer. (For EMI compliance, you need to clip
        the included EMI CORE to the phone line.)
        2. Plug the other end of the line into the analog phone wall outlet.

     Depending on where your computer is used, you may need to change
     settings in the modem. Correct setting will allow you to maintain a stable
     connection in a country where its telecommunication system may be
     different to others.

     To change the modem setting, do the following:
         1. Go to [Start > Settings > Control Panel] and double-click on
         Modem Settings icon. You will see a similar dialog box.




         2. Click on the pull-down menu and select the country where it is
         applicable. Click on OK to exit.
30
Ethernet
    Your computer is equipped with a 10/100Base-TX Fast Ethernet
    network adapter. Connect the active LAN cable to the RJ-45 LAN
    port located on the left side of the computer. This allows you to
    access and transmit data in the local area network.


    Connecting to the Network
        Use Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Ethernet cable only.
        1. Insert one end of the UTP cable into the network connector
        until the connector snaps securely into the receptacle.
        2. Either connect the other end of the cable to an RJ-45 jack
        wall outlet or to an RJ-45 port on a UTP concentrator or hub in
        the network.


    Cabling Restriction for Networks
        The following restrictions should be observed for 100BASE-TX
        networks:
        n    The maximum cable run length is 100 meters(m) (328
        feet[ft]).
        n    For 100-Mbps operations, use Category 5 wiring and
        connections.




        Note: Consult Help and Support from the Start Menu for additional network
        configuration instructions.




                                                                                    31
C     H   A   P   T   E     R                  T     W       O


     BIOS SETUP AND SECURITY FEATURE




                      In this chapter, you will learn how to
                      enter the BIOS Setup Menu and
                      manipulate various hardware control
                      settings. You will also learn how to use
                      the built-in security features.


32
The Setup Utility is a hardware configuration program built into
your computer's BIOS (Basic Input/Output System). It runs and
maintains a variety of hardware functions. It is a menu-driven
software, which allows you to easily configure and change the
settings.

The BIOS contains manufacture's default settings for the
computer's standard operations. However, there are occasions
when you may be required to modify the default settings in the
BIOS. For example, you may need to configure the BIOS power
management (APM) settings if you are using DOS, or
non-Windows operating system.

The BIOS allows you to set up passwords to limit access to users.
This is an important feature because a great deal of vital
information is carried within the computer nowadays. Unauthorized
access can be prevented. Later in this chapter, you will learn how to
use this security feature.




                                                                   33
Entering the BIOS Setup Screen
        First turn on the power. When the BIOS performs the POST
        (Power-On Self Test), press F2 key quickly to activate the AMI
        BIOS Setup Utility.



        Note: You may need to press F2 key fairly quickly. Once the system begins to load
        Windows, you may have to retry by cycle-power on again




Leaving the BIOS Setup Screen
        When you have finished modifying the BIOS settings, exit the BIOS.
        It takes a few seconds to record changes in the CMOS.


BIOS Action Keys
Function Key Command                    Description
                                        Leaves a sub-menu to return to the
ESC               Exit                  previous menu OR exits the BIOS setup
                                        while saving changes.
Enter             Go to Sub Screen      Shows the Sub Menu
F1                General Help          Shows the Help Screen
                                        Saves changes and reboots the
F10               Save and Exit
                                        computer.
             Select a field        Selects the next field.
?                 Select an item        Selects the next upper item.
?                 Select an item        Selects the next lower item.
-                 Lower value           Selects the next value within a field.
+                 Higher value          Selects the next value within a field.




34
Modifying the BIOS Settings
       The AMIBIOS setup main menu is subdivided into sub-menus.
       Each menu item is described in this section.

       Main Setup
       Under this menu, you may change time/date and view basic
       processor and system memory information.


Item         Selections /            Description
             Sub-menu
Date         N/A                     Type in the current date, in MM/DD/YY
                                     format.
Time         N/A                     Type in the current date, in HH:MM:SS
                                     format.




       Advanced Setup

? IDE Configuration
Item           Selections /          Description
               Sub-menu
Primary        Hard Disk             Primary Master is where BIOS tries to
IDE                                  boot from first. The primary master
Master                               controls the hard drive.
Secondary ATAPI CDROM                The secondary master controls the
IDE                                  ATAPI CD-ROM drive.
Master




       Note: The sub-menu is not selectable. Press enter to view information of the

                                                                                      35
       storage device.




Item      Selections /          Description
          Sub-menu
Touch Pad Enabled               Enable or disable the built-in touchpad.
Support   Disabled
Share     32MB                  You may choose the amount of system
Memory    64MB                  memory to be used as video frame
          128MB                 buffer.
LCD Auto Enabled                [Enabled]: The LCD backlight
Dim       Disabled              automatically decreases when
Function                        operating on battery power.
                                [Disabled]: This function is disabled.




       Boot Setup
? Boot Settings Configuration
Item           Selections /     Description
               Sub-menu
Quick          Disabled         [Enabled]: The system skips certain tests
Boot           Enabled          while booting. This shortens the boot-up
                                time.
                                [Disabled]: The system performs full tests
                                while booting.
Quiet Boot Disabled             When Enabled, the system will display
           Enabled              the AVERATEC logo instead of the
                                POST messages.
                                When Disabled, the system will display
                                POST messages (i.e. devices
                                information.)
Bootup   Off                    [On]: The numeric keypad on the
Num-Lock On                     keyboard is enabled on boot.

36
? Boot Device Priority
Item              Selections /      Description
                  Sub-menu
1st Boot          Removable Dev. Set the type of device for the 1st drive
Device            Intel UNDI, PXE-2 BIOS attempts to boot from. If Intel UNDI,
                  Hard Drive        PXE-2 is selected, system will attempt to
                  CD/DVD            load boot sector from the Ethernet port.


2nd Boot                              Set the type of device for the 2nd drive
Device                                BIOS attempts to boot from.



       Note: If you select Intel UNDI, PXE-2, the system will attempt to boot from the
       network.
       Note: When the BIOS performs POST, you may also press F12 Key to enable the
       Boot Device selection menu. You may choose CD/DVD, Hard Drive, or Intel UNDI,
       PXE-2 as the first storage device to boot from. If you have already connected a USB
       Floppy Disk Drive before powering up, it will appear as a Removable Device in the
       Boot Device selection menu




                                                                                         37
       Security Setup

? Boot Settings Configuration
Item            Selections /          Description
                Sub-menu
Change          N/A                   Install or Change the Password
Supervisor
Password
Change          N/A                   Install or Change the Password
User
Password
Clear User      N/A                   Install or Change the Password
Password
Boot            Disabled              To enable or disable the boot sector
Sector          Enabled               protection.
Virus                                 When Enabled, BIOS gives a warning
Protection                            when any program attempts to rewrite
                                      or delete the boot sector.




       Note: About Boot Sector Virus Protection:
       If enabled, the following warning message appears when a program attempts to alter
       the boot sector. You may have to enter "N" several times to prevent the boot sector
       write.
       Boot Sector Write!!!
       Possible VIRUS: Continue (Y/N)? _
       The following warning message appears when a program attempts to format the
       hard disk drive.
       Format!!!
       Possible VIRUS: Continue (Y/N)? _


       Using Password Protection
       Two Levels of Password Protection are available. The BIOS
       provides both a Supervisor and a User password. If you try to
       activate both passwords, the Supervisor password must be set first.

38
The passwords activate two different levels of protection:
1. System always asks for password every time it is powered on.
2. System asks for password only when you attempt to enter
BIOS utility.
The passwords are encrypted and stored in NVRAM. Make sure
you write them down or memorize them. If you lost the passwords,
the computer may need to be sent back to the factory or to an
authorized service dealer to reset the passwords.




                                                              39
       Power Setup

Item                Selections / Description
                    Sub-menu
Power Button        On/Off       [On/Off]: When the power button is
Mode                             pressed, the system is turned off.
                    Suspend
                                 [Suspend]: When the power button is
                                 pressed, the system enters the suspend
                                 mode.
Silent Mode         Enabled      When Enabled, cooler fan speed is
Button                           reduced. The processor performance is
                    Disabled     also reduced.



       Note: The Suspend Mode selection in BIOS only applies to older Windows version
       (such as Windows 3.1 or Windows 95 or NT4) or non-Windows operating system. In
       Windows ME / 98SE / 2000 / XP, suspend mode and settings are determined by
       settings in the Power Options Properties (Start > Control Panel > Power Options).




40
       Exit Setup

Item           Selections / Description
               Sub-menu
Saves          N/A         After you have completed the BIOS
Changes and                settings, select this item to save all
Exit                       settings, exit BIOS Setup utility, and
                           reboot. New system settings will take
                           effect on next power-up. F10 key can be
                           used for this operation.
Discard        N/A         Discards changes done so far to any of
Changes and                the setup questions and exit.
Exit
Load Optimal   N/A         Load Optimal Default value for all the
Defaults                   setup questions. F9 key can be used for
                           this operation.




                                                                 41
C H A P T E R             T H R E E


     BATTERY POWER & POWER

         MANAGEMENT




             In this chapter, you will learn the
             fundamentals of power management
             and how to use it to achieve longer
             battery life.

42
In this chapter, you will learn how to operate your notebook on
battery power, how to handle and maintain the battery pack, and
learn about the system's power saving features.

The LCD, processor and hard disk drive are the major hardware
subsystems that consume the most power. Power management
deals how these key components should behave to conserve power.
For example, you can have the system turn off its display after 2
minutes of inactivity to save power. Efficient power management
can help you work longer sessions before having to recharge the
battery.



The Battery Pack

Lithium-Ion Battery
          Your notebook uses a six-cell Lithium-Ion battery pack
          that provides power when you don't have access to an
          AC outlet.



          Note: It is necessary that you charge the battery pack for at least 6
          hours before using it for the first time.

          Note: In the Standby Suspend mode, a fully charged battery loses its
          power in roughly 1/2 day or less. When not being used, the battery's

          power will deplete in 1-2 month.




                                                                                  43
     Battery Low-Power Warning
         1.     Low Battery Warning
         Low battery condition occurs when battery power is
         reduced to 6%. The red battery status LED indicator
         blinks and the system beeps once every 16 seconds or
         so.

         2.    Very Low Battery Warning
         Very Low battery condition occurs at 3 % power
         remaining. The red battery status LED indicator blinks
         and the system beeps at 4-second interval.

         When the notebook warns you of its low battery condition,
         you will have about 3-5 minutes to save your current
         work.




         Warning: Do not expose battery packs to temperatures below 0
         degree Celsius (32 degree F) or above 60 degree C (140F). This may

         adversely affect the battery pack.



         Note: Press Fn+F3 to turn off the battery warning beep.




44
Installing and Removing the Battery Pack

  To Remove the Battery Pack:
       1.   Place the notebook bottom-side up on a flat and
       secured surface.
       2.   Push the latch and pull the battery's hard case
       away from the notebook.


                                2




                            1




                                                              45
       To Install the Battery Pack:
              1.   Place the notebook bottom-side up on a flat and
              secured surface.
              2.   Carefully insert the battery pack into the battery
              compartment of the notebook.




     Charging the Battery and Charging Time

       To charge the battery, while the battery pack is in the notebook,
       plug the AC adapter into the notebook and an electrical outlet.
       The charging time is approximately 4-6 hours when the
       notebook is turned off and approximately 8-12 hours when the
       notebook is turned on.
       When the battery is fully charged, the battery charge indicator
       becomes green light (on).



       Note: If system runs at heavy loading or in a high temperature environment,
       the battery may not be fully charged. You need to continue to charge it with the
       AC adapter plugged in until the charging LED turns off.




46
Checking the Battery Level

   You can check the remaining battery power in the Windows
   battery status indicator, which is located at the lower right-hand
   corner of the task bar. (If you do not see a battery or AC-in icon
   on the task tray, go to Power Options Properties box and click
   on the Advanced tab. Check off ``Always show icon on the task
   bar``.)
   Alternatively, you can access the power meter by clicking the
   Power Options icon in the Windows Control Panel.

Prolonging the Battery's Life and Usage Cycles

   Below are suggestions you can follow to prolong the use of
   battery.

   n     Use the AC adapter wherever AC wall outlet is available.
   This will ensure uninterrupted computing.
   n     Purchasing an additional battery pack.
   n     Store the battery pack in room temperature. Higher
   temperature tends to deplete the battery's power faster.
   n     Make good use of the power management function. Save
   To Disk (Hibernate) saves the most energy by storing current
   system contents in a hard disk space reserved for this function.
   n     The life expectancy of the battery is approximately 300
   recharges.
   n     See the notices section in the beginning of the user
   manual on how to care for the battery pack.


   Note: Read Section Protecting Your Notebook in the beginning of this manual
   for tips about how to maintain the battery pack.
   Note: To achieve optimal battery performance, you may need to do a battery
   calibration at a 3-month interval. To do this:
   1.   Fully charge the battery.
   2.   Then discharge the battery by entering the BIOS setup screen. (Press F2
   key as soon as you turn on the computer. And let it remain at the setup screen
   until the battery runs out.
   3.   Fully charge the battery again.

                                                                               47
     Using Windows Power Options

       Windows Power Management provides basic power saving
       features. In the Windows Power Options Properties [Start >
       Settings > Control Panel > Power Options] dialogue box, you
       may enter time-out values for display and hard disk drive.
       Windows power manager saves power by turning off hard drive
       after 1 minute of inactivity, for example.




     Windows' Power Schemes
            The power management control panel in Windows XP,
            known as Power Schemes, is designed to provide the
            user with an easy-to-use interface. The Power Schemes
            tab can be found in the Power Options Properties panel
            that is accessible via the control panel window.
            Schemes are easy to understand, based on notebook
            usage scenarios, and control not only processor power
            usage but other system peripherals as well.
            Go to [Start > Settings > Control Panel] and double-click
            the Power Options icon.

            Always on mode puts the processor into maximum
            performance mode, which provides no power saving.
            The other schemes control processor performance
            based on demand. For example, Max Battery mode
            lowers the processor's speed and voltage to conserve
            power as much as possible.




48
In this dialog box, you can manually set the LCD and
hard drive's time-out values in the Plugged in column and
in the Running on batteries column. Lower time-out
values will save more battery power.



Note: Also consult Windows user guide for more information on how
to use Windows power management functions.

Note: Actual dialogue box shown above may appear slightly different.




                                                                 49
     Suspend Mode
        Standby Suspend
        The system automatically enters this mode after a period
        of inactivity, which is set in the Power Schemes dialog
        box. In Standby mode, hardware devices, such as
        display panel and hard disk, are turned off to conserve
        energy.

        Hibernate Suspend
        In this mode, all system data are saved in the hard disk
        before powering down. When this mode is activated, all
        system state and contents are saved to the hard disk
        drive after a period of inactivity defined by the user. No
        power or very little power is drawn from the battery
        module under this mode.
        However, depending on how much RAM that have been
        installed on your computer, the amount of time the
        system requires to restore all its previous contents can
        range from 5 to 20 seconds.
        For Windows 2000 / XP users, hibernation is handled by
        the operating system; therefore, no special disk partition
        or disk file is necessary.
        If you wish to activate Hibernate mode, you need enable
        Hibernate Support in the Hibernate tab of the Power
        Options menu.




50
Note: Do not install, remove or change the memory module when the
system is in the suspend or hibernate mode.

Note: Actual dialogue box shown above may appear slightly different.




                                                                 51
     Power Button Action
            The notebook PC's power button can be set to turn off
            the system or activate the suspend mode.

            Go to [Start > Settings > Control Panel > Power Options]
            and click on the Advanced tab. In the pull-down menu,
            select how you wish the power button to work as.




            Note: Actual dialogue box shown above may appear slightly different.


            Warning: In the When I close the lid of my portable computer
            pull-down menu, DO NOT select Do nothing 



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