Service Manuals, User Guides, Schematic Diagrams or docs for : HAIER TV 21FA18-T Haier-21FA18-T

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Haier-21FA18-T


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                                 Order NO.WH070625S001V0




    21FA18-T
(TB8873)




          @     (2007)(Haier Electronic Company Limited)
          All rights reserved. Unauthorized copying and distribution is a

         violation of law.



     1
                                               WARNING
This service information is designed for experienced repair technicians only and is not designed for use
by the general public. It does not contain warnings or cautions to advise non-technical individuals of
potential dangers in attempting to service a product. Products powered b electricity should be serviced
or repaired only by experienced professional technicians. Any attempt to service or repair the product
deal with in this service information by anyone else could result in serious injury or death.




                                               CONTENT
    1. SPECIFICATIONS...................................................................................... 3

    2. WARNING.................................................................................................. 4

    3. FEATURES AND TECHINICAL DESCRIPTION................................................ 11

    4. ADJUSTMENT............................................................................................11

    5. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM....................................................................................18

    6. WIRING CONNECTION DIAGRAM................................................................18

    7. CIRCUIT EXPLANATION..............................................................................19

    8. MAINTENANCE SERVICE AND TROUBLE SHOOTING....................................22




                                                             2
1. Specification

                                      MODEL                                                              MODEL
NO.    ITEM         FUNCTION         21FA18-T       NO.      ITEM             FUNCTION                  21FA18-T


 1 PICTURE Main IC                      8873        24    SOFTWARE Digital curtain
 2            CRT                    PURE FLAT      25                Slow fading on & off
 3            Color system              PAL         26                Semitransparent menu
                                                                      Non-flshing            channel
 4                                       BG         27
              Audio system                                            changing
 5            NO.of channels             218        28                ZOOM
 6            OSD language           ENGLISH        29                16:9 mode
 7            Multi-picture modes         5         30                Games                                 1
 8    AUDIO AV stereo                               31                Calendar
 9            Super woofer                          32                Child-lock
10            Surrounding sound                     33                Multi-functional lock
11            Treble/bass boost                     34                No-picture listening
12            Left/right balancer                   35                Background light
13            NICAM                                 36                Auto-timer on
14            Multi-audio modes                     37                FM RADIO
15            Tone adjuster                         38                V-CHIP
16            MTS/SAP                               39 PARAMETER NO. of built-in speakers                   2
17            Auto-volume leveling                  40                Audio output power(W)               5 2
18    JACK AV input                  back 1,side1   41                Total power input W                  70
19            AV output                back 1       42                Voltage range V                    160~250
20            DVD terminal             back 1       43                Power frequency Hz                  50/60
21            S-video jack             back 1       44                Time of sleep timer(MINS)            120
22            Headphone socket                      45                Net weight(KG)                       23
23            SCART socket                          46                Gross weight(KG)                     26
                                                    47                Net dimension(MM)                615/482/452
                                                    48                Packaged dimension(MM) 651/576/526




                                                     3
2. Warning
Safety Precautions

IMPORTANT SAFETY NOTICE
Many electrical identify these parts and mechanical parts in this chassis have special
safety-related characteristics! In the Schematic Diagram and Replacement Parts List.
It is essential that these special safety parts should be replaced with the same
components as recommended in this manual to prevent X-RADIATION, Shock, Fire, or
other Hazards.
Do not modify the original design without permission of the manufacturer.
General Guidance
An Isolation Transformer should always be used during the servicing of a receiver whose
chassis is not isolated from the AC power line. Use a transformer of adequate power rating
as this protects the technician from accidents that might result in personal injury caused by
electrical shocks.
It will also protect the receiver and it's components from being damaged by accidental
shorts of the circuitry that might be inadvertently introduced during the service operation.
If any fuse (or Fusible Resistor) in this TV receiver is blown, replace it with a specified one.
When replacing a high wattage resistor (Oxide Metal Film Resistor, over 1W), keep the
resistor 10mm away from PCB.
Keep wires away from high voltage or high temperature parts.
Due to the high vacuum and large surface area of the picture tube, extreme care should be
taken in handling the Picture Tube. Do not lift the Picture Tube by its Neck.
X-RAY Radiation
Warning:
The source of X-RAY RADIATION in this TV receiver is the High Voltage Section and the
Picture Tube.
For continued X-RAY RADIATION protection, the replacement tube must be of the same
type as specified in the Replacement Parts List.
Before returning the receiver to the customer,
Always perform an AC leakage current check on the exposed metallic parts of the cabinet,
such as antennas, terminals, etc., to make sure that the set is safe to operate without any
danger of electrical shock.




                                               4
 Warning and Cautions
 1. When you clean the TV set, please pull              4. To prevent the TV set from firing and
 out the power plug from AC outlet. Don't               electric shock, don't
 clean the cabinet and the screen with                  make the TV set rain
 benzene, petrol and other chemicals.                   or moisture.




 2. In order to prolong the using life of the           5. Don't open the back cover, otherwise it is
 TV set, please place it on a ventilated                possible to damage the components in the
 place.                                                 TV set and harm you.




 3. Don't place the                                     6. When the TV set isn't going to be used
 T V se t i n t h e                                     for long time or it is in thunder and
 sunshine or near                                       lightening, please pull out the plug from AC
 heat source.                                           outlet and the antenna plug from the cover
                                                        of the TV set.




Explanation on the display tube

Generally, it is not needed to clean the tube surface. However, if necessary,its surface can be
cleaned with a dry cotton cloth after cutting off the power.Don't use any cleanser. If using hard
cloth, the tube surface will be damaged.



CAUTION: Before servicing receivers covered by this service manual and its supplements
and addenda, read and follow the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.
NOTE: If unforeseen circumstances create conflict between the following servicing
precautions and any of the safety precautions, always follow the safety precautions.
Remember: Safety First.


                                                   5
General Servicing Precautions
1. Always unplug the receiver AC power cord from the AC power source before:
      a. Removing or reinstalling any component, circuit board module or any other
         assembly of the receiver.
      b. Disconnecting or reconnecting any receiver electrical plug or other electrical
         connection.
      c. Connecting a test substitute in parallel with an electrolytic capacitor in the receiver.
           CAUTION: A wrong substitution part or incorrect installation polarity of electrolytic
           capacitors may result in an explosion hazard.
      d.    Discharging the picture tube anode.
2. Test high voltage only by measuring it with an appropriate high voltage meter or other
   voltage-measuring device (DVM, FETVOM, etc.) equipped with a suitable high voltage
   probe. Do not test high voltage by "drawing an arc".
3. Discharge the picture tube anode only by (a) first connecting one end of an insulated
   clip lead to the degaussing or kine aquadag grounding system shield at the point where
   the picture tube socket ground lead is connected, and then (b) touch the other end of
   the insulated clip lead to the picture tube anode button, using an insulating handle to
   avoid personal contact with high voltage.
4. Do not spray chemicals on or near this receiver or any of its assemblies.
5. Unless specified otherwise in this service manual, clean electrical contacts only by
   applying the following mixture to the contacts with a pipe cleaner, cotton-tipped stick or
   comparable nonabrasive applicator; 10% (by volume) Acetone and 90% (by volume)
   isopropyl alcohol (90%-99% strength)
     CAUTION: This is a flammable mixture.
     Unless specified otherwise in this service manual, lubrication of contacts is not
     required.
6. Do not defeat any plug / socket B+ voltage interlocks with which receivers covered by
   this service manual might be equipped.
7.    Do not apply AC power to this instrument and/or any of its electrical assemblies unless
     all solid-state device heat sinks are correctly installed.
8.    Always connect the test receiver ground lead to the receiver chassis ground before
     connecting the test receiver positive lead.
     Always remove the test receiver ground lead last.
9. Use with this receiver only the test fixtures specified in this service manual.
     CAUTION: Do not connect the test fixture ground strap to any heat sink in this receiver.
Electrostatic ally Sensitive (ES) Devices
Some semiconductor (solid state) devices can be damaged easily by static electricity.
Such components are usually called Electrostatic ally Sensitive (ES) Devices. Examples of

                                                6
typical ES devices are integrated circuits and some field effect transistors and
semiconductor "chip" components. The following techniques should be used to help
reduce the incidence of component damage caused by static electricity.
1.    Immediately before handling any semiconductor component or semiconductor-
     equipped assembly, drain off any electrostatic charge on your body by touching a
     known earth ground. Alternatively, obtain and wear a commercially available
     discharging wrist strap device, which should be removed to prevent potential shock
     prior to applying power to the unit under test.
2.    After removing an electrical assembly equipped with ES devices, place the assembly
     on a conductive surface such as aluminum foil, to prevent electrostatic charge buildup
     or exposure of the assembly.
3.    Use only a grounded-tip soldering iron to solder or unsolder ES devices.
4.     Use only an anti-static type folder removal device. Some solder removal devices not
     classified as "anti-static" can generate electrical charges sufficient to damage ES
     devices.
5.    Do not use freon-propelled chemicals. These can generate electrical charges
     sufficient to damage ES devices.
6.     Do not remove a replacement ES device from its protective package until immediately
     before you are ready to install it. (Most replacement ES devices are packaged with
     leads electrically shorted together by conductive foam, aluminum foil or comparable
     conductive material).
7.     Immediately before removing the protective material from the leads of a replacement
     ES device, touch the protective material to the chassis or circuit assembly into which
     the device will be installed.
     CAUTION: Be sure no power is applied to the chassis or circuit, and observe all other
     safety precautions.
8.     Minimize bodily motions when handling unpackaged replacement ES devices.
     (Otherwise even some normally harmless motions such as mutual brushing of your
     clothes' fabric or lifting of your foot from a carpeted floor might generate static electricity
     sufficient to damage an ES device.)
General Soldering Guidelines
 Use a grounded-tip, low-wattage soldering iron and appropriate tip size and shape that
  will maintain tip temperature within the range of 500 oF to 600 oF.
 Use an appropriate gauge of RMA resin-core solder composed of 60 parts tin/40 parts
  lead.
 Keep the soldering iron tip clean and well tinned.
 Thoroughly clean the surfaces to be soldered. Use a mall wire bristle (0.5 inch, or 1.25cm)
  brush with a metal handle. Do not use freon-propelled spay-on cleaners.
 Use the following unsoldering technique
     a. Allow the soldering iron tip to reach normal temperature. (500 o F to 600o F)
                                                  7
   b. Heating the component lead until the solder melts.
   c. Quickly draw the melted solder with an anti-static, suction-type solder removal
      device with solder braid.
       CAUTION: Work quickly to avoid overheating the circuit board printed foil.
 Use the following unsoldering technique
   a. Allow the soldering iron tip to reach normal temperature. (500 o F to 600o F)
   b. First, hold the soldering iron tip and solder the strand against the component lead
      until the solder melts.
   c. Quickly move the soldering iron tip to the junction of the component lead and the
      printed circuit foil, and hold it there only until the solder flows onto and around both
      the component lead and the foil.
       CAUTION: Work quickly to avoid overheating the circuit board printed foil.
   d. Closely inspect the solder area and remove any excess or splashed solder with a
      small wire-bristle brush.
Remove /Replacement
Some chassis circuit boards have slotted holes (oblong) through which the IC leads are
inserted and then bent flat against the circuit foil. When holes are of slotted type, the
following technique should be used to remove and replace the IC. When working with
boards using the familiar round hole, use the standard technique as outlined.

Removal

Desolder and straighten each IC lead in one operation by gently prying up on the lead with
the soldering iron tip as the solder melts.
Draw away the melted solder with an anti-static suction-type solder removal device (or
with solder braid) before removing the IC.
Replacement
Carefully insert the replacement IC in the circuit board.
Carefully bend each IC lead against the circuit foil pad and solder it.
Clean the soldered areas with a small wire-bristle brush. (It is not necessary to reapply
acrylic coating to the areas).
"Small-Signal" Discrete Transistor
Removal/Replacement
Remove the defective transistor by clipping its leads as close as possible to the
component body.
Bend into a "U" shape the end of each of three leads remaining on the circuit board.
Bend into a "U" shape the replacement transistor leads.
Connect the replacement transistor leads to the corresponding leads extending from the
                                              8
circuit board and crimp the "U" with long nose pliers to insure metal to metal contact then
solder each connection.
Power Output, Transistor Device
Removal/Replacement
Heat and remove all solder from around the transistor leads.
Remove the heat sink mounting screw (if so equipped).
Carefully remove the transistor from the heat sink of the circuit board.
Insert new transistor in the circuit board.
Solder each transistor lead, and clip off excess lead.
Replace heat sink.
Diode Removal/Replacement
Remove defective diode by clipping its leads as close as possible to diode body.
Bend the two remaining leads perpendicularly to the circuit board.
Observing diode polarity, wrap each lead of the new diode round the corresponding lead
on the circuit board.
Securely crimp each connection and solder it.
Inspect (on the circuit board copper side) the solder joints of the two "original" leads. If they
are not shiny, reheat them and if necessary, apply additional solder.
Fuse and Conventional Resistor
Removal/Replacement
1. Clip each fuse or resistor lead at top of the circuit board hollow stake.
2. Securely crimp the leads of replacement component around notch at stake top.
3. Solder the connections
   CAUTION: Maintain original spacing between the replaced component and adjacent
   components and the circuit board to prevent excessive component temperatures.
Circuit Board Foil Repair
Excessive heat applied to the copper foil of any printed circuit board will weaken the
adhesive that bonds foil to the circuit board causing the foil to separate from or "lift-off" the
board. The following guidelines and procedures should be followed whenever this
condition is encountered.

At IC Connections

To repair a defective copper pattern at IC connections use the following procedure to
install a jumper wire on the copper pattern side of the circuit board. (Use this technique
only on IC connections).
1. Carefully remove the damaged copper pattern with a sharp knife. (Remove only as
   much copper as absolutely necessary).
                                                9
2. Carefully scratch away the solder resist and acrylic coating (if used) from the end of
   the remaining copper pattern.
3. Bend a small "U" in one end of a small gauge jumper wire and carefully crimp it around
   the IC pin. Solder the IC connection.
4. Route the jumper wire along the path of the out-away copper pattern and let it overlap
   the previously scraped end of the good copper pattern. Solder the overlapped area
   and clip off any excess jumper wire.

At other connections

Use the following technique to repair the defective copper pattern at connections other
than IC Pins. This technique involves the installation of a jumper wire on the component
side of the circuit board.
 Remove the defective copper pattern with a sharp knife.
   Remove at least 1/4 inch of copper, to insure that a hazardous condition will not exist if
   the jumper wire opens.
 Trace along the copper pattern from both sides of the pattern break and locate the
   nearest component that is directly connected to the affected copper pattern.
Connect insulated 20-gauge jumper wire from the lead of the nearest component on one
  side of the pattern break to the lead of the nearest component on the other side.
Carefully crimp and solder the connections.
CAUTION: Be sure the insulated jumper wire is dressed so that it does not touch
components or sharp edges.

                                WARNING
                                RISKELECTRIC SHOCK
                                DONOT OPEN
        WARNING:To reduce the risk of electric shick don't remove cover or back.
        No user-serviceable parts inside refer service to qualified service personnel.


   Safety of operators has been taken into consideration at the design and manufacture phase, but
inappropriate operation may cause electric shock or fire. To prevent the product from being damaged,
the following rules should be observed for the installation, use and maintenance of the product. Read
the following safety instruction before starting the operation.
The User Manual uses the following symbols to ensure a safe operation and preventany damage to
operators or properties:




                                                         10
3.FEATURES AND TECHINICAL DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS :

1.ALL-BAND CATV (470MHz)                  2.I2C bus control

3.Auto and manual tuning                  4.Audio/video input/output   interfaces

5.Multiple picture modes selection        6.Screen saver when no signal

7 PAL DK                                   8.218 programs Preset

9.volume setting stored                   10.Program scan
11.Child LOCK                             12.Slide curtain power on/off display improved eye
protection

4. Adjustment
A..Factory adjustment information

    Operation method: after the appliance is switched on, make the volume value to zero.
    Then press " V- " key on the TV set and press the DISP button on remote controller at
    the same time to enter the S state. Press DISP button one times and "S" will disappear,
    Repeat the first step, you will enter the D mode. Now one "D" is displayed on the TV
    screen.

    Press PRO- and PRO+ buttons to select items for adjustment.
    Press VOL- and VOL+ buttons to adjust selected items.
    Press the POWER button to switch off the appliance and go back to the normal state.

B.Maintenance menu (Table 8)
Function    Function bewrite                                                 referen   initializati
                                                                             ce        on
 OSDH-POS       OSD Hortzontal position                                      14
 OPT function   OPTION                                                       B4
    RCUT        R CUT OFF                                                    22
    GCUT        G CUT OFF                                                    33
    BCUT        B CUT OFF                                                    2D
    GDRV        G DRIVE                                                      40
    BDRV        B DRIVE                                                      40
    CNTX        SUB CONTRAST MAX                                             7F
    BRTC        SUB BRIGHT CENTER                                            52
    COLC        SUB COLOR CENTER FOR NTSC                                    40
    TNTC        SUB TINT CENTER                                              40
    COLP        SUB COLOR CENTER FOR PAL                                     02
    COLD        DVD COLOR CENTER (DIF)                                       05
    SCNT        Y-SUB CONTRAST                                               0A
    CNTC        SUB CONTRASRT CENTER                                         4B
    CNTN        SUB CONTRASRT MINIMUM                                        07
    CNTD        DVD CONTRAST MAX                                             7F

                                              11
 BRTX     SUB BRIGHT MAX                                   20
 BRTN     SUB BRIGHT MINIMUM                               20
 COLX     SUB COLOR MAX                                    25
 COLN     SUB COLOR MINIMUM                                0D
 TNTX     SUB TINT MAX                                     28
 TNTN     SUB TINT MINIMUM                                 28
  ST3     SUB SHARP CENTER NTSC3.58 IN TV                  19
  SV3     SUB SHARP CENTER NTSC3.58 IN VIDEO               1D
  ST4     SUB SHARP CENTER OTHER COLOR SYSTEM IN TV        25
  SV4     SUB SHARP CENTER OTHER COLOR SYSTEM IN VIDEO     1D
  SVD     SUB SHARP CENTER IN DVD                          1B
 ASSH     ASYMMETRY 



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