Service Manuals, User Guides, Schematic Diagrams or docs for : . Car Manuals Subaru Legacy 2000-2003 Approved Subaru Legacy 2000 2000 Service Manual GENERAL INFORMATION SECTION General Information MSA5TCD00L17393

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MSA5TCD00L17393


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                              G2260BE1 (SGML)



1-3     [G1A0]                     GENERAL INFORMATION
1. General Precautions


1. General Precautions                                     11)When removing a wiring connector, do not
                                                           pull the wire but pull the connector itself.
A: BEFORE STARTING SERVICE                                 12)When removing a hose or tube, remove the
1) Be sure to perform the jobs listed in the Peri-         clip first. Then, pull the hose or tube while hold-
odic Maintenance Schedule.                                 ing its end fitting.
2) When a vehicle is brought in for mainte-                13)Replace gaskets, O-rings, snap rings, lock
nance, carefully listen to the owner's explana-            washers, etc. with new ones.
tions of the symptoms exhibited by the vehicle.            14)When tightening a bolt or nut, tighten it to the
List the problems in your notebook, and refer to           specified torque.
them when trying to diagnose the trouble.                  15)When performing work requiring special
3) All jewelry should be removed. Suitable                 tools, be sure to use the designated ones.
work clothes should be worn.                               16)After completing work, make certain that the
4) Be sure to wear goggles.                                hoses, tubes and wiring harnesses are securely
5) Use fender, floor and seat covers to prevent            connected.
the vehicle from being scratched or damaged.               17)After completing work, be sure to wash the
6) Never smoke while working.                              vehicle.
7) Before removing underfloor bolts (including
the rear differential filler plug) coated with bitu-       C: TREATMENT FOR USED ENGINE
minous wax, remove old wax. Re-coat with new               OIL
wax after reinstallation.                                  1. ENGINE OILS
B: WHILE WORKING                                           Prolonged and repeated contact with mineral
                                                           oil will result in the removal of natural fats from
1) When jacking up the vehicle, be sure to use             the skin, leading to dryness, irritation and der-
safety stands.                                             matitis. In addition, used engine oil contains po-
2) When jacking up the front or rear end of the            tentially harmful contaminants which may
vehicle body, be sure to chock the tires remain-           cause skin cancer. Adequate means of skin
ing in contact with the ground.                            protection and washing facilities should be pro-
3) Keep the parking brake applied when work-               vided.
ing on the vehicle. Chock the tires remaining in
contact with the ground (and set the selector le-          2. HEALTH PROTECTION PRECAUTIONS
ver to "P" position in AT vehicle), when the park-         1) Avoid prolonged and repeated contact with
ing brake cannot be applied, such as when the              oils, particularly used engine oils.
brakes are being worked on.                                2) Wear protective clothing, including impervi-
4) Keep the ignition key turned "OFF" if at all            ous gloves where practicable.
possible.                                                  3) Do not put oily rags in pockets.
5) Be cautious while working when the ignition             4) Avoid contaminating clothes, particularly
key is "ON"; if the engine is hot, the cooling fan         underpants, with oil.
may start to operate.                                      5) Overalls must be cleaned regularly. Discard
6) While the engine is in operation, properly              unwashable clothing and oil impregnated foot-
ventilate the workshop.                                    wear.
7) While the engine is in operation, be aware of           6) First aid treatment should be obtained im-
any moving parts, such as the cooling fan and              mediately for open cuts and wounds.
the drive belt.                                            7) Use barrier creams, applying them before
8) Keep your hands off any metal parts such as             each work period, to help the removal of oil from
the radiator, exhaust manifold, exhaust pipe,              the skin.
and muffler to prevent burning yourself.                   8) Wash with soap and water to ensure all oil is
9) When servicing the electrical system or the             removed (skin cleansers and nail brushes will
fuel system, disconnect the ground cable from              help). Preparations containing lanolin replace
the battery.                                               the natural skin oils which have been removed.
10)When disassembling, arrange the parts in
the order that they were disassembled.


                                                       2
                     G2260BE1 (SGML)



                                   GENERAL INFORMATION                                       [G1E2]     1-3
                                                                                      1. General Precautions


9) Do not use petrol, kerosene, diesel fuel, gas          D Do not abruptly depress/release clutch
oil, thinners or solvents for washing skin.               pedal or accelerator pedal during tests even
10)If skin disorders develop, obtain medical              when engine is operating at low speeds
advice.                                                   since this may cause vehicle to jump off test
11)Where practicable, degrease components                 machine.
prior to handling.                                        D Avoid abrupt braking after tests.
12)Where there is a risk of eye contact, eye              D In order to prevent the vehicle from slip-
protection should be worn, for example, chemi-            ping due to vibration, do not place any
cal goggles or face shields; in addition an eye           wooden blocks or similar items between the
wash facility should be provided.                         safety stands and the vehicle.
                                                          D Since the rear wheels will also be rotating,
3. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PRE-
CAUTIONS                                                  do not place anything near them. Also, make
                                                          sure that nobody goes in front of the vehicle.
It is illegal to pour used oil on to the ground,
down sewers or drains, or into water courses.             1) Position vehicle so that front wheels are
The burning of used engine oil in small space             placed between rollers of speedometer test
heaters or boilers is not recommended unless              machine.
emission control equipment is fitted. If in doubt,        2) Jack up vehicle until rear wheels clear the
check with the Local Authority.                           floor, and support with safety stands.
Dispose of used oil through authorized waste
disposal contractors, licensed waste disposal
sites, or to the waste oil reclamation trade. If in
doubt, contact the Local Authority for advice on
disposal facilities.

D: HANDLING AN AT VEHICLE
1) The engine cannot be started by pushing
the vehicle, and also the vehicle cannot be
moved by operating the starter motor.
2) Be sure to release the accelerator pedal be-
                                                                                                  B1H0001A
fore shifting from the "R" to the "N" range and
from the "N" to the "D" range, or vise versa even
when the vehicle is stopped.                              3) Start engine with shift lever set in 2nd gear
3) Do not maintain the vehicle in a stall opera-          (for safety considerations). Perform speedo-
tion for more than five seconds as this may over-         meter tests.
heat the clutch excessively.                              2. SPEEDOMETER TEST
4) When the speedometer malfunctions, a ve-               (FREE ROLLER METHOD)
hicle-speed signal will no longer be emitted. Im-         WARNING:
mediately have it repaired.                               D Secure a rope or wire to the front towing
5) Use only genuine SUBARU AT fluid in the                hook to prevent the lateral runout of front
transmission.                                             wheels
                                                          D Do not abruptly depress/release clutch
E: FULL-TIME AWD MT MODELS                                pedal or accelerator pedal during tests even
1. SPEEDOMETER TEST                                       when engine is operating at low speeds
(JACK-UP METHOD)                                          since this may cause vehicle to jump off test
WARNING:                                                  machine.
D Secure a rope or wire to the front towing               D Avoid abrupt braking after tests.
hook to prevent the lateral runout of front               1) Position vehicle so that front wheels are
wheels.                                                   placed between rollers of test machine.




                                                      3
                             G2260BE1 (SGML)



1-3     [G1E3]                    GENERAL INFORMATION
1. General Precautions


2) Scribe alignment mark corresponding with              that two front or rear wheels clear floor, remove
centerline of rear wheels on floor.                      cause of abnormality and check wheel rotation.
                                                         4. CHASSIS DYNAMOMETER TEST
                                                         WARNING:
                                                         D Do not abruptly depress/release clutch
                                                         pedal or accelerator pedal during tests.
                                                         D Avoid abrupt braking tests after tests.
                                                         1) Locate vehicle onto chassis dynamometer
                                                         tester.
                                                         2) Locate rear wheels onto free rollers.
                                                         3) Perform dynamic performance tests.
                                                         5. TIRE BALANCE TEST
                                         B1H0002A        (ON-CAR MACHINE)
3) Back up vehicle so that centerline of free            CAUTION:
rollers are aligned with mark scribed in step 2          D Perform tire balance tests after each tire
above.                                                   balance has been measured.
4) Drive vehicle onto free rollers.                      D Locate the vehicle so that its front and rear
5) Perform speedometer tests.                            sides are equal in height.
                                                         D Release parking brake.
3. BRAKE TEST                                            D Manually rotate each tire and check for
1) Drive vehicle for a distance of several kilo-         drag.
meters (miles) to stabilize dragging force of vis-       D Do not operate clutch and do not acceler-
cous coupling.                                           ate the engine abruptly.
2) Place vehicle onto brake tester.                      D If error occurs due to engine operation, do
                                                         not operate balance's motor.
                                                         1) Raise vehicle so that left and right wheels to
                                                         be checked clear the floor. Support wheels us-
                                                         ing pick-up stands.
                                                         2) Raise the other two wheels off the ground
                                                         and support with a safety stand.
                                                         3) Attach on-car machine to wheels to be
                                                         checked.



                                          B1H0003


3) Perform brake tests.
Effect of braking force on viscous coupling
torque:
    Approx. 245 N (25 kg, 55 lb)
NOTE:
If dragging force exceeds specifications,
                                                                                                 B1H0435A
check brake pad or brake shoe for dragging.
Abnormalities related to the viscous torque of           4) Drive wheel with engine and perform tire
viscous coupling unit may cause excessive                balance tests.
dragging force. At this point, raise vehicle so




                                                     4
                    G2260BE1 (SGML)



                                 GENERAL INFORMATION                                      [G1E6]     1-3
                                                                                   1. General Precautions


6. TOWING                                              D Remember that brake booster and power
NOTE:                                                  steering will not work when engine is "OFF".
On vehicles with security system, avoid locking        You will have to use greater effort for the
the doors using "LOCK/ARM" button on the               brake pedal and steering wheel.
transmitter or the power door lock switch. Doing       D Before towing, check transmission oil and
so brings the security system into the arming          differential oil levels and top up to the speci-
state, possibly causing the alarm to function.         fied level if necessary.
1) Loading vehicle onto dolly or flat-bed truck
CAUTION:
D Transport vehicle using a dolly or flat-bed
truck whenever possible.
D Move shift lever to "1st" position and ap-
ply parking brake.
D When you unload a vehicle from a flat-bed
truck, do as follows:
  D run the engine of the unloaded vehicle,
  D shift into reverse gear when unloading
  the vehicle as it faces the same direction                                                    B1H0006
  as that in which the truck travels,
  D shift into 1st gear when unloading the             3) Towing with front or rear wheels raised
  vehicle as it faces the opposite direction
                                                       CAUTION:
  to that in which the truck travels.
                                                       D Do not tow vehicle with only front or rear
                                                       wheels placed on towing dolly or flat-bed
                                                       truck. This may degrade viscous coupling
                                                       performance or cause vehicle to jump off
                                                       dolly or truck.




                                       B1H0005A


2) Towing with a rope
CAUTION:
D Use a rope only when power train and all                                                     B1H0007A
wheels are operating properly.
D The ignition switch should be in the
"ACC" position. Never have the ignition
switch on "LOCK" while the vehicle is being
towed because steering will not be possible,
since the direction of the wheels will be
locked.
D Put the transmission in neutral.
D Never use the tie down hooks for towing.




                                                   5
                           G2260BE1 (SGML)



1-3     [G1F1]                 GENERAL INFORMATION
1. General Precautions


D Do not tow vehicle with rear wheels raised         CAUTION:
under any circumstances since this will              Be sure to turn off the engine before fitting
damage bumper.                                       the spare fuse in the FWD connector.




                                       B1H0008                                              S1H0013A


D Do not tow vehicle with front wheels
                                                     2. TOWING
raised under any circumstances since this
will damage bumper.                                  NOTE:
                                                     On vehicles with security system, avoid locking
                                                     the doors using "LOCK/ARM" button on the
                                                     transmitter or the power door lock switch. Doing
                                                     so brings the security system into the arming
                                                     state, possibly causing the alarm to function.
                                                     1) Loading vehicle onto dolly or flat-bed truck
                                                     CAUTION:
                                                     D Transport vehicle using a dolly or flat-bed
                                                     truck whenever possible.
                                                     D Place the selector lever in "P" position and
                                                     apply the parking brake.
                                       B1H0009



F: FULL TIME AWD AT MODELS
1. BEFORE CHECKING OR SERVICING VE-
HICLES WITH THE FRONT WHEELS RAISED
OR ON ROLLERS (BRAKE TESTER, CHAS-
SIS DYNAMOMETER, ETC.)
CAUTION:
Ensure that the FWD pilot light is on. If the
vehicle is left in the AWD mode, it will surge
abruptly when the wheels turn, possibly                                                     B1H0005A
damaging the transfer clutch.
Always set the vehicle in the FWD mode.
To set the vehicle in the FWD mode, disconnect
the AWD circuit by inserting a fuse in the FWD
connector inside the main fuse box. Also chock
the rear wheels firmly.




                                                 6
                    G2260BE1 (SGML)



                                 GENERAL INFORMATION                                     [G1F2]     1-3
                                                                                  1. General Precautions


2) Towing with a rope                                  3) Towing with front or rear wheels raised
CAUTION:                                               CAUTION:
D Tow vehicle with a rope only when power              Do not tow vehicle with front or rear wheels
train and all wheels are operating properly.           raised under any circumstances since this
D Put a spare fuse inside the FWD connec-              will damage bumper.
tor. Failing to do so can cause the transmis-
sion to be damaged if the engine is started
during towing for some reason.
D Never exceed the towing speed of 30 km/h
(19 MPH) nor the towing distance of 50 km
(31 miles).
D Place the selector lever in "N" position.
D The ignition switch should be in the
"ACC" position while the vehicle is being
towed.
D Never use the tie down hooks for towing.
D Remember that brake booster and power
steering will not work when the engine is
"OFF". You will have to use greater effort for
the brake pedal and steering wheel.
D Before towing, check transmission oil and
differential oil levels and top up to the speci-
fied level if necessary.




                                                                                               B1H0010




                                        B1H0006




                                                   7



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