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cip0440


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DI-80
                                                DIAGNOSTICS        -      ENGINE
                                                                                                                                        DI6VD-02




    DTC              P0440                Evaporative Emission Control System
                                          Malfunction

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
The vapor pressure sensor, VSV for canister closed valve (CCV) and VSV for pressure switching valve are
used to detect abnormalities in the evaporative emission control system.
The ECM decides whether there is an abnormality in the evaporative emission control system based on the
vapor pressure sensor signal.
DTC P0440 or P0442 is recorded by the ECM when evaporative emissions leak from the components within
the dotted line in Fig. 1 below, or when the vapor pressure sensor malfunctions.
  Fig. 1
                                                                       ECM



                                                                                                   Vapor Pressure
                                                                                                   Sensor


                                VSV                (6)
                                                                                                                Fuel Tank Over
                                for EVAP                                                                (1)     Fill Check Valve
                                     (5)                                   (2)
                                                                                                                        (10)

                                                                                                                    (11)
                      VSV for (8)
             (7)      CCV                                                                        (9)
                                                                                      (3)

                                 Charcoal Canister                                                     Fuel Tank



                                                                                                                                         A11984




  DTC No.                      DTC Detecting Condition                                                   Trouble Area
                                                                                 S Hose or tube cracked, hole, damaged or loose seal ((3) in
                                                                                   Fig. 1)
                                                                                 S Fuel tank cap incorrectly installed
                                                                                 S Fuel tank cap cracked or damaged
                                                                                 S Vacuum hose cracked, holed, blocked, damaged or discon-
            Fuel tank pressure is atmospheric pressure after vehicle is            nected ((2) in Fig. 1)
   P0440
            driven for 20 min. (2 trip detection logic)                          S Fuel tank cracked, holed or damaged
                                                                                 S Charcoal canister cracked, holed or damaged
                                                                                 S Open or short in vapor pressure sensor circuit
                                                                                 S Vapor pressure sensor
                                                                                 S Fuel tank over fill check valve cracked or damaged
                                                                                 S ECM




2002 ECHO (RM884U)

                                                                                    Author :                   Date :                     250
                                                                                                                      DI-81
                                              DIAGNOSTICS    -   ENGINE

WIRING DIAGRAM

                 Instrument Panel J/B                                                                           ECM
                                                               V5
                 11               6                  3         VSV for CCV                  8              3
                                                             1          2
                 1A              1K                 IB2                                    IB2            E4   CCV
                                        B-R              B-R               L                      L
                                                               V2
           B-Y                                       4         VSV for EVAP                                9
                                                        B-Y 2            1
                                                                                                               EVP1
                                                    EB1                                                   E7
                             B-Y                                                           W-G
                   Engine Room R/B No. 1
                          EFI Relay                         From Ignition Switch
                         3        5                   V4
                  1                      1            Vapor Pressure
                                                      Sensor
                         2          1                                                                     9
                  1                      1                                   9              3
         W-B                                                     1
                              EFI               B-Y                         IB2            IE2            E6   E2
                         1          2                                BR               BR         BR
                  1                      1
                                                                            10              5             14
                                                                 2
                                                                            IB2            IE2            E6   PTNK
           B-L                                                        B               B           B

                  2                                                          4              8             1
                       MAIN                                      3
                 F6                                                         IB2            IE1            E6   VC
                                                                     R-W          R-W            R-W

                      FL Block

    EC
                                          Battery




                                                                                                                      A09134



INSPECTION PROCEDURE
HINT:
S       If DTC P0441, P0446, P0450 or P0451 is output after DTC P0440 or P0442, first troubleshoot DTC
        P0441, P0446, P0450 or P0451. If no malfunction is detected, troubleshoot DTC P0440 or P0442 next.
S       Ask the customer whether, after the MIL came on, the customer found the fuel tank cap loose and tight-
        ened it. Also ask the customer whether the fuel tank cap was loose when refuelling. If the fuel tank cap
        was not loose, it was the cause of the DTC. If the fuel tank cap was not loose or if the customer was
        not sure if it was loose, troubleshoot according to the following procedure.
S       Read freeze frame data using TOYOTA hand-held tester or OBD II scan tool. Because freeze frame
        records the engine conditions when the malfunction is detected. When troubleshooting, it is useful for
        determining whether the vehicle was running or stopped, the engine was warmed up or not, the air-fuel
        ratio was lean or rich, etc. at the time of the malfunction.
S       When the ENGINE RUN TIME in the freeze frame data is less than 200 seconds, carefully check the
        VSV for EVAP, charcoal canister and vapor pressure sensor.




2002 ECHO (RM884U)

                                                                           Author :              Date :               251
DI-82
                                   DIAGNOSTICS   -   ENGINE



   1    Check whether hose close to fuel tank have been modified, and check whether
        there are signs of any accident near fuel tank or charcoal canister.

                                         CHECK:
                                         Check for cracks, deformation and loose connection of the fol-
                                         lowing parts:
                                               S    Fuel tank
                                               S    Charcoal canister
                                               S    Fuel tank filler pipe
                                               S    Hoses and tubes around fuel tank and charcoal
                                                    canister
                                A10274

                                           NG        Repair or replace.


  OK



   2    Check that fuel tank cap is TOYOTA genuine parts.


                                           NG        Replace to TOYOTA genuine parts.


  OK



   3    Check that fuel tank cap is correctly installed.


                                           NG        Correctly install fuel tank cap.


  OK



   4    Check fuel tank cap (See page EC-5 ).


                                           NG        Replace fuel tank cap.


  OK




2002 ECHO (RM884U)

                                                              Author :          Date :            252
                                                                                                  DI-83
                                        DIAGNOSTICS   -   ENGINE



   5     Check filler neck for damage.

PREPARATION:
Remove the fuel tank cap.
CHECK:
Visually inspect the filler neck for damage.

                                               NG         Replace filler pipe.


   OK



   6     Check vacuum hoses between vapor pressure sensor and fuel tank, and char-
         coal canister and VSV for pressure switching valve and VSV for pressure switch-
         ing valve and charcoal canister.

CHECK:
(a) Check that the vacuum hose is connected correctly.
(b) Check the vacuum hose for looseness and disconnection.
(c) Check the vacuum hose for cracks, hole and damage.

                                               NG         Repair or replace.


   OK



   7     Check hose and tube between fuel tank and charcoal canister.

CHECK:
(a) Check for proper connection of the fuel tank and fuel evap pipe (See page EC-5 ), fuel evap pipe and
    fuel tube under the floor, fuel tube under the floor and charcoal canister.
(b) Check the hose and tube for cracks, hole and damage.

                                               NG         Repair or replace.


   OK




 2002 ECHO (RM884U)

                                                                Author :         Date :           253
DI-84
                                               DIAGNOSTICS   -   ENGINE



    8         Check charcoal canister for cracks, hole and damage (See page EC-5 ).


                                                       NG        Replace charcoal canister.


   OK



    9         Check voltage between terminals VC and E2 of ECM connector.

              ON                                     CHECK:
                                                     (a) Remove the connector cover from the ECM.
                   VC (+)                            (b) Turn the ignition switch ON.
                                                     CHECK:
                                                     Measure the voltage between terminals VC and E2 of the ECM
                                                     connector.
                                                     OK:
                               E2 (-)
                                                          Voltage: 4.5 - 5.5 V
     BE6653
     P23813                                 A00252

                                                       NG        Check and replace ECM (See page IN-29 ).


   OK



  10          Check voltage between terminals PTNK and E2 of ECM connectors.

              ON                                     PREPARATION:
                    PTNK (+)       E2 (-)            (a) Remove the connector cover from the ECM.
                                                     (b) Remove the fuel tank cap.
                                                     (c) Turn the ignition switch ON.
                                                     CHECK:
                                                     Measure the voltage between terminals PTNK and E2 of the
                                                     ECM connectors.
                                                     OK:
 BE6653
 A0910                                      A11546       Voltage: 3.0 - 3.6 V
 7


                                                       OK        Go to step 12.


   NG




2002 ECHO (RM884U)

                                                                          Author :        Date :            254
                                                                                                DI-85
                                    DIAGNOSTICS   -   ENGINE



 11     Check for open and short in harness and connector between vapor pressure
        sensor and ECM (See page IN-29 ).


                                            NG        Repair or replace harness or connector.


  OK



 Replace vapor pressure sensor.



 12     Check fuel tank and fuel tank over fill check valve for cracks and damage.


                                            NG        Replace fuel tank or fuel tank over fill check
                                                      valve.


  OK



 It is likely that vehicle user did not properly close fuel tank cap. Please explain to customer how
 to properly install fuel tank cap.




2002 ECHO (RM884U)

                                                            Author :          Date :            255



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